Sunday, August 18, 2019
Exploring Existentialism and the Character Leanord in the Film, Memento Although Christopher Nolan does not acknowledge any philosophical basis for Memento, the film provides a character, Leonard Shelby, who serves as an example of several aspects of existentialism. Through Leonard, Memento illustrates Soren Kierkegaard's idea of truth as subjectivity, Freidrich Nietzsche's notion that God is dead, and Jean-Paul Sartre's writings on the nature of consciousness. In Concluding Unscientific Postscript, Kierkegaard differentiates between the subject as the knower, and the world (object) as the known: the only way we know the world is through ourselves. Kierkegaard emphasizes the importance of "how" the subject is related to the truth, and not the "what" (content) of the objective. He asserts that the truth can only exist in the subject, for if it lies in the world, we could never access (know) the truth the way we know ourselves. Kierkegaard explains that we can only discover the truth by turning inward: "passionate inwardness" is essential to finding the truth, as it is the way in which the subject is seeking the truth; the more passion the subject has, the closer she/he comes to the truth. "Passionate inwardness" is fueled by "objective uncertainty": if an individual sees objective proof of her truth, she will become less passionate; however, when she does not find reassurance in the objective, her inward passion will lead her to "the" (her) truth. This paradox relies on the subject believing passionately in the truth that exists in her while believing in a lack of objective support for that truth. Fridreich Nietzsche writes in The Gay Science "God is dead....And we have killed him," (99, Existentialist Philosophy) referr... ...f existence before essence is echoed when Teddy tells Leonard that he (Leonard) doesn't even know who he is: when Leonard answers he is his past self, Teddy cautions "That's who you were, not who you've become." While Leonard does not believe it, Teddy reminds him that he is responsible for his wife's death, not the men he tracks down and enjoys killing. Leonard refuses to acknowledge that he is his actions, to which Sartre would say "There is no reality except in action" (316, Existentialist Philosophy). Leonard seems to avoid responsibility for his freedom, most likely because he does see who he has become. Memento is a poignant affirmation that our actions make us who we are and that we are in fact responsible for the choices we make, whether we face our freedom, or flee from our anxiety as Leonard does. Now, where was I...? Existentialist Philosophy Memento
Saturday, August 17, 2019
Answer: Discuss the three female protagonists and the men in their lives. How are their lives determined by the circumstances of their birth and subsequently by the men they Ã¢â¬Å"chose.Ã¢â¬ Michael Dorris divides the novel A Yellow Raft in Blue Water into three sections narrated by three different Native American women: Rayona, Christine, and Ida. First introduced is teen-aged Rayona, whose mother Christine is dying of too much drinking and high living. Rayona was abandoned by her mother and had to fend for herself around the environment of Seattle and the Montana reservation of her birth. She is searching for a stability of affection she never quite finds. Rayona often looks down on herself based on the way people look at her. They either say she is Ã¢â¬Å"too big, too smart, not Black, not Indian, not friendly.Ã¢â¬ Rayona longs to be normal and fit in. With her mother Christine, itÃ¢â¬â¢s been another story: affection came to her almost too much and nearly buried beneath it, she self-destructs in her illness finally returning to the reservation. She is very protective of her brother Lee and always concerned for his welfare. Christine does not have the skills to translate her feelings into actions and this is her main problem in relationships with others, especially with her daughter. This weakness naturally causes problems between Christine and Rayona, as Rayona begins to judge others based solely on their actions. Aunt Ida is often bitter and attempts to distance herself from others, as she fears becoming too attached to or dependent upon anyone. She tells the last part of the book and is the best at telling it. A story of how a young Indian girl Ida assumed the child born of an aunt, whoÃ¢â¬â¢d come to nurse her sister through illness and stayed to bear her brother-in-lawÃ¢â¬â¢s child: Christine. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s only here that DorrisÃ¢â¬â¢ narrative decision to telescope the story, unfold family secrets. Since Aunt Ida was so secretive of their family genes, Christine is left fatherless and has no ancestors who she knows about. Consequently she has trouble understanding her identity and it causes her a great deal of pain and disappointment. Though the one constant man in her life was her brother Lee. Christine and Lee have a very close sister-brother bond, each relying on each other for emotional support. After her brotherÃ¢â¬â¢s death, she gets married to an African American solider named Elgin. Throughout her part of the book, she faces difficulties with Elgin that reflects a lot on Rayona. During RayonaÃ¢â¬â¢s whole life, her father Elgin is barely there, pooping in and out whenever convenient for him. Rayona Feels like she is not good enough and has trouble trying to find her place and identity in the world. These characters experience loneliness, they yearn to be loved and accepted. This results in the evident theme of belonging and abandonment. The chance to interview Michael Dorris. . What is your favorite and least favorite books of all the books you have written? Where do you get your ideas for your books? What is your favorite type of book to read that you enjoy and do any of them help you to make your decisions to write your books? Ã From research you have mentioned growing up in a household filled with women. Did you get any actual editorial help from women in your household? For example, did you show it to your wife and asked if you got something right?
Friday, August 16, 2019
Love and Discipline Raising children can be extremely difficult at times. While there are numerous qualities required to be a good parent, there are two basic qualities that every parent should consist of while raising their children. By a parent obtaining love and discipline in the raising of their children will result in good parenting. A good parent must make his or her child feel cherished at times; however, a parent must also discipline children when necessary. Love is extremely important for a parent to provide while raising children and should be a main goal of any parent. A parent can provide this quality to a child by doing activities that he or she enjoys. For example, a parent can play games or read a favorite book of the childÃ¢â¬â¢s desire. If a child is shown attention by a parent it gives them a sense of feeling important and cared about by a loved one. When a child consumes of the feeling of importance it allows confidence to increase. Another way a parent can express love to a child is by being affectionate. A hug, kiss on the cheek, or simply saying, Ã¢â¬Å"I love youÃ¢â¬ can allow a child understand that his or her parent truly does love them. When a child is shown affection by his or her parent then they can assure themselves that the love from the parent it always present. It is common for children to feel as if their parent does no longer love them after they have done something wrong; therefore, by a parent reassuring his or her child that they will love them no matter what can relieve a child of that fear. If a parent provides love as quality while raising children, then good parenting will be a result. Another quality a good parent should have while raising children is discipline. When a child has done something wrong a parent must perform some type of disciplinary action to force the child to understand what he or she did is wrong and cannot happen again. If a parent allows a child to misbehave without any discipline, then the child will have the mentality that what he or she did is okay and will continue to misbehave. By a parent performing disciplinary action with his or her child, then the child will understand that their parent has authority over the choices made and the consequences to follow. Discipline does not always mean a parent must hit orÃ spank a child; restricting the childÃ¢â¬â¢s limitations on what he or she may enjoy can also do solve the problem. For example, if a child enjoys playing video games or going places with friends a parent can restrict the childÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to do these things after they have misbehaved. By a parent provides discipline to their children when needed, it will then teach a child that misbehaving is not tolerated and can result in punishment. Disciplinary actions are necessary for a parent to accomplish being a good parent. All in all, parenting is a lot of work, and is not easy. There are many responsibilities that come along with parenting. Parents must always provide love for children, but also discipline when needed. Every child is unique, and needs to be handled differently.
Thursday, August 15, 2019
The idea of gender wage discrimination being widely practiced in the United States today is a difficult concept for many to swallow. With the Equal Pay Act of 1963 and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the realization of the existence of the gender wage gap surprises many Americans. These authors bring to the forefront the idea that there is more to the gender wage gap then just companies discriminating against women and minorities. They sight many sources with defined data including Burres and Zucca who looked at database information from 1992 through 1997 and confirmed that just over 3% of women held a position in the top 5 spots in most companies. Furthermore, the pay for executives showed womenÃ¢â¬â¢s salaries were considerably lower than those of their male counterparts (Kennedy, Nagata, Mushenski, &Johnson, 2008, p. 13-14). This fact alone directly affects the productivity of the workplace, causing resentment and discontent with female employees. Add to the issue those women with disabilities and the percentages of discrimination raise a staggering fifty percent. The authors also showed evidence of wage discrimination against African Americans, adding to the argument that female African Americans are fighting an even tougher battle then white women (Kennedy et al. , 2009, p. 14). The authors provide arguments as to why these wage differences still exist, sighting Hartmann, Gault, Lovell, Sinzdak, & Caiazza (2003) who claim the most prevalent reason is fewer hours worked. Women have other responsibilities with family and home that pull them away from work, which in turn gives them less experience and training, justifying a lower salary. Even in the last 40+ years women have been working their way into male dominated positions, yet their wage is still 23. 5% lower than their male co-worker (Kennedy et al. , 2008, p. 15). Another argument is that of social and professional networking playing a part in the wage differences. Most evidence leans toward the concept that networking is beneficial in securing higher paying positions. It also showed that white men were more apt to promote other white men than women or other minorities. Yet, women with powerful social or professional connections were also able to secure higher paying positions. Other minorities seemed to have lower socioeconomic status and thus had difficulty in obtaining higher paying positions (Kennedy et al. , 2008, p. 15-16). The authors also touch on the idea that women are less apt to boast about their accomplishments, or pat themselves on the back, effectively letting their superiors know about positive situations, or client successes. Women also tend not to negotiate salaries therefore leaving money at the negotiating table and keeping their salaries lower. There is also mention of the correlation between emotions and pay reviews, being that women respond to positive feedback with more satisfaction then that of monetary compensation, thus failing to acquire the much deserved pay increase. These facts may address a small percentage of the wage gap, but in no way explain away the entire 23. 5% difference (Kennedy et al. , 2008, p. 8). If fighting the battle of wage discrimination isnÃ¢â¬â¢t enough, then take a look at how the laws are written. Both the Equal Pay Act of 1963 and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 put the burden of cost and the difficulty of proof on the employee, making the chance of winning almost impossible. The government needs to provide assistance to those facing this unjust, and assist at all levels, state and federal to enforce and prosecute those crossing the line (Kennedy et al. , 2 008 p. 14). Equal pay to all could bring harmony and cooperation to the workplace, which could encourage higher production and increased revenue, proving that elimination of gender wage discrimination is a healthy change for the economy (Kennedy et al. , 2008 p. 14). All of these arguments play into the idea that if the gender wage gap was completely eliminated the economy and the government would benefit. Education, experience, networking and negotiating all play a part in the difference in pay, but as pointed out in this article, those arguments do not justify the 23. % variance. Equal pay also promotes women to a higher pay scale and removes many single parents from government assistance, in turn saving to government money. Higher pay and abolishment of gender wage discrimination means more taxes, more discretionary funds available for spending, decreased resentment in the workplace and positive teamwork, which could result in higher productivity equating to a stronger economy.
Wednesday, August 14, 2019
Natural dentitions contribute to a figure of unwritten maps, therefore to keep these maps natural dentitions have to be restored once they are lost. A.C Elias et Al. ( 1 ) reveal that as a consequence of tooth loss maps as address, chew and visual aspect are harmed. Further John Joy Manappallil ( 2 ) explains that with the loss of teeth the psychological province of the patient may be harmed due to the bad visual aspect. The physical province of the patient may besides be affected due to the inability to masticate nutrient and hence weight loss may happen. One of the options available to reconstruct the maps lost subsequent to teeth loss is by the usage of a complete dental plate. Manappallil ( 2 ) provinces that patients expect dental plates to be recollective, supply esthetics, map and comfort. This paper will discourse the standards used to choose posterior unreal dental plate dentitions in order to accomplish a successful complete dental plate intervention. Jason F. McCord et Al. ( 3 ) reveal that the choice of posterior dentitions is a important portion of the line of intervention that nevertheless may non be considered by many tooth doctors and that this determination is chiefly left to the technicians. Aaron H. Fenton ( 4 ) provinces that it is unadvisable to non affect the patient during the procedure of choice of dentition. The choice of posterior dentitions is a complex procedure and in which a figure of factors must be considered. McCord et Al. ( 3 ) province that posterior dentitions should be selected depending on the patient Ã¢â¬Ës demands. Hence, the clinician should see occlusal, stableness, and aesthetic factors during the procedure of choice. This means that a dental plate is considered successful when the patient feels comfy utilizing it. Elias et Al. ( 1 ) province in their reappraisal that unwritten comfort comprises deficiency of annoyance, aesthetics and masticatory efficiency. Deepak Nallaswamy Veeraiyan et Al. ( 5 ) point out that fro m the patient Ã¢â¬Ës position the unreal dental plate dentitions are the most of import constituent of the dental plate as their map is to supply aesthetics, chew and address. As already mentioned above by Manappallil ( 2 ) the psychological and physiologic province is affected by the loss of dentitions. Psychological and physiologic province of the patient can be improved through complete dental plate intervention due to maps of unreal dentitions. Manappallil ( 2 ) explains that following a successful removable complete dental plate intervention the patient should be able to return to her/his normal activities, should be able to socialise confidently and should be able to masticate nutrients usually so that the sum of nutrient consumption is non comprised. Furthermore, Manappallil ( 2 ) besides reports that a complete dental plate must be well-retained, supported and stable so that it functions expeditiously. Posterior dental plate dentitions can lend to keeping and support. Mana ppallil ( 2 ) provinces that certain occlusal strategies can be utile in diminishing sidelong forces, therefore bettering keeping. He proceeds by explicating that dental plate stableness is affected by occlusal factors ; a decrease in sidelong forces and proper occlusion can help in bettering dental plate stableness. R. Mericske-Stern et Al. ( 6 ) suggests that the chief ground for a complete dental plate being described as unsatisfactory is denture instability and hurting during biting. In order for posterior unreal dentitions to execute their map and supply comfort, masticatory efficiency, aesthetics, dental plate stableness, keeping and cause no bone reabsorption they are selected depending on certain standards which are cuspal disposition, size, shadiness and stuff. Artificial posterior dental plate dentitions are available with different cuspal dispositions. Manappallil ( 2 ) provinces that the angle between the horizontal plane and cusp slope is termed cuspal disposition. Veeraiyan et Al. ( 5 ) grouped posterior dentitions harmonizing to their cuspal disposition or occlusal morphology into three groups. The first group comprises the cusp dentition that are subdivided into anatomic and semi-anatomic. The other two groups are the cuspless dentition and the particular tooth signifiers. Veeraiyan et Al. ( 5 ) province that anatomic dentitions are the most normally used and supply superior aesthetics. Their cusps may organize and angle of 33AÃ ° or 30AÃ ° . Their high quality to other types is chiefly a consequence of their resemblance to natural dentitions, their good masticatory map and their ability to diminish rotary motion of a dental plate. Nevertheless, drawbacks include that they are hard to put into balanced occlusion and the fact that s idelong forces displace the dental plate easy when these dentitions are used. Veeraiyan et Al. ( 5 ) reveal that semi- anatomic dentitions are besides termed modified-cusp or low-cusp dentitions. They make clear that cusps of semi-anatomic dentitions make an angle of 20AÃ ° or 10AÃ ° . Semi-anatomic dentitions are preferred in instances of unnatural jaw dealingss. They pose less trouble during puting into balanced occlusion, let for dental plate stableness during masticating as they cut down the consequence of sidelong emphasiss on the dental plate. However they show a lessening in masticatory efficiency and aesthetics. Manappallil ( 2 ) provinces that cuspless dentitions are besides referred to as level or monoplane or zero-degree dentitions, and that they were produced with the purpose of cut downing sidelong forces on the dental plate to better stableness. Veeraiyan et Al. ( 5 ) explain that teeth with a 0AÃ ° cusp angle are indicated with neuromuscular upsets and hapless ridg e relationships. The benefits of cuspless dentitions are flexibleness during puting, decrease of the consequence of sidelong forces on dental plates, and proviso of more lingua room. However, they show a lessening in masticatory efficiency and supply least aesthetics. The last tooth signifier would be the particular tooth signifier. Veeraiyan et Al. ( 5 ) mentioned particular tooth signifiers which included French Ã¢â¬Ës buttockss, VO buttockss and Sosin- bladed dentitions. In general, these can supply chair to excellent cutting efficiency but show hapless aesthetics and are more expensive. Bernard Levin ( 7 ) studies that F.A French designed non-anatomic dentition in the early twentieth century called French Ã¢â¬Ës buttockss. Gallic wanted to take advantage of the cuspless dentition construct but besides increase masticatory and dental plate stableness. He attempted this by extinguishing the inframaxillary buccal cusps and puting a ridge of porcelain in the centre of the tooth mesiodistally. However, his effort was non successful due to the brickle nature of porcelain when exposed to masticatory forces. Levin ( 7 ) besides mentions that in 1946 Hardy introduced dentitions with a curved blade traversing the occlusal surfaces of dentitions. Vee raiyan et Al. ( 5 ) reveal that Hardy was the first to plan a tooth with a metal insert and called it the Ã¢â¬Å" Vitallium Occlusal Ã¢â¬ ( VO buttockss ) . The tooth has the visual aspect of the merger on one grinder and two bicuspids with a Vitallium metal insert that somewhat protrudes occlusally from the tooth ( Fig 1 ) . Due to the metal- to- metal contact a better masticatory efficiency is achieved. Levin ( 7 ) reveals that utilizing these dentitions it might be hard to accomplish balanced occlusion in add-on to being inaesthetic. The concluding particular tooth signifier is the Sosin bladed tooth. Levin ( 7 ) studies that it was introduced by M.B Sosin and that he designed them by puting a blade on the whole occlusal surface of grinders and bicuspids of maxillary dentitions. He placed metal tabular arraies on the inframaxillary dental plate dentitions to oppose these blades. The dentitions were extremely efficient but were inaesthetic and required a tooth doctor with adept accomplishments to put them up. Veeraiyan et Al. ( 5 ) that nowadays the best masticatory efficiency is exhibited by Sosin bladed dentitions. Fig. 1
Choosing a Car to Buy - Essay Example The most important factors that influenced my decision in what type of car to buy are its affordability, use and aesthetic features. I like the Toyota Corolla because even though the price is quite high for me, I think I can work for it given a good payment scheme wherein I can pay for the item within a year. As I mentioned earlier, the car will be primarily for my daily activities so I want a car that is handy enough so I will not have trouble in parking spaces and even when I am on the road. I think the Corolla is easy to maneuver because of its ideal size and I can use it to work, school or other activities such as picnics and family visits. The car is just perfect for me in terms of functionality because with the many places I could use the car for, I do not think I would need another car for other functions. Lastly, I also want the features of the car. The car looks simple from the outside which I like so much because it is not a show-off. The size of the car is really important for me as well because it affects the functions mentioned above. I do not like a smaller car simply because I do not prefer it. I want to have friends ride with me for outdoor activities so I want a car that enables me to do just that. But a larger car would be difficult to bring along to most of my activities. Although a bigger car would be nice for outdoor activities such as picnics and camping but it is not every day that I go to such occasions. The Toyota Corolla is really a perfect choice for me in terms of price, functions and size.
Tuesday, August 13, 2019
Environment - Essay Example I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think there is any evidence to support this idea. There are certainly people in the world who lead decent, secure, happy lives. But there are also many who do not. In order to have a good life it is important to have your material considerations taken care ofÃ¢â¬âshelter, food, clothing. It is also important to have a sense of dignity and purpose. A happy person is one who sets goals that can be achieved; not impossible pipe dreams that will always disappoint. Sadly, many people in the world do not have the opportunities we have in the West. One of the biggest factors in examining environmental impacts is heavy industry. I would look at how many factories a rich country has versus a poor country. Countries that do a lot of manufacturing, especially products like chemicals, often pollute more than countries that have an economy based on financial services, for example. Another important factor would be environmental legislation to prevent companies from easily polluting. Usually rich countries have better, stronger laws that have developed over time. Rich countries are usually democratic countries that listen to lobby groups like environmentalists. Many poor countries are dictatorships where the ideas and opinions of only one man rule. Ecosystem are often defined as a matter of convenience because we cant study everything at once. How would you describe the characteristics and boundaries of the ecosystem in which you live. In what respect is your ecosystem an open one? I would say the ecosystem I live in is an urban one made up mostly of people plus some rats and pigeons and bacteria. It is a distinct ecosystem with clear boundariesÃ¢â¬âaka the city limitsÃ¢â¬âbut it is not closed. Food and animals and people enter it everyday, some for their jobs, other because of trade. Birds fly in and worms cross through the earth to enter. Also waste products are constantly